KING RICHARD II, grandson of King Edward and son of Edward the Black Prince, is king of England when the play opens but is deposed by Bolingbroke and murdered by his men
QUEEN, Richard’s wife
JOHN OF GAUNT, duke of Lancaster, Richard’s uncle and Henry Bolingbroke’s father, is an elder statesman and the epitome of honor and patriotism. Early in the play he urges obedience to the king; yet, on his deathbed, he delivers a scathing denunciation of the way England’s honor has vanished under Richard.
HENRY BOLINGBROKE, John of Gaunt’s son, duke of Hereford, claimant to his father’s dukedom of Lancaster, and later King Henry IV, begins the play loyal to his king, although suspicious of his role in the death of his uncle, the duke of Gloucester. However, as the events progress, he matures and changes, eventually seizing the throne from Richard.
EDMUND OF LANGLEY, Duke of York, King Richard and Bolingbroke’s uncle
DUCHESS OF YORK, York’s wife
DUKE OF AUMERLE, York’s son and the Earl of Rutland, cousin to Richard and Bolingbroke, remains loyal to Richard and plans an unsuccessful rebellion against Bolingbroke.
DUCHESS OF GLOUCESTER, widow of Thomas of Woodstock and aunt of Richard and Bolingbroke
THOMAS MOWBRAY, duke of Norfolk and supporter of King Richard,
EARL OF SALISBURY, supporter of King Richard
LORD BERKELEY, supporter of King Richard
DUKE OF SURREY, supporter of King Richard
BISHOP OF CARLISLE, supporter of King Richard
SIR STEPHEN SCROOP, supporter of King Richard
ABBOT OF WESTMINSTER, supporter of King Richard
BUSHY, a supporter and favorite of King Richard
BAGOT, a supporter and favorite of King Richard
GREEN, a supporter and favorite of King Richard
EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND, supporter of Bolingbroke
HARRY PERCY, Northumberland’s son and supporter of Bolingbroke